法律热词: 陕西男子活埋母亲,“故意杀人未遂”用英文怎么表达?

A 79-year-old disabled woman who was allegedly buried alive in a deserted tomb by her son has miraculously survived after being trapped in the pit for nearly three days, authorities have said.

 

陕西省靖边县警方表示一名79岁的残疾女性据称被儿子活埋在一个废弃的坟墓,她在被困近三天后奇迹般地活了下来。

 

各位同学们,我们一起来学习一下今天的法律热词——

 

【法律热词】

 

Attempt      

 

英 [əˈtempt]             美 [əˈtempt]                 

n.罪未遂;未遂 指行为人企图实施犯罪,但在实施犯罪过程中因受到阻碍而没有完成犯罪。系英美法上不完整罪〔inchoate crime〕的一种情形,与既遂犯〔attempted crime〕相对。未遂的成立要件:1具有实施犯罪的故意;2实施了接近完成该罪的外在行为〔overt act〕,而不仅仅是只有犯意或处于预备阶段〔preparation〕;3犯罪没有完成;4具有实施犯罪的明显可能性〔apparent possibility〕。美国《模范刑法典》〔Model Penal Code〕关于未遂的规定具有下列特点:第一,实施了行为就算既遂的犯罪即行为犯之情形下,也可能存在犯罪未遂;第二,明确规定「不作为」〔omission〕的情况下有犯罪未遂;第三,「明知」〔knowledge〕故意也可能有犯罪未遂;第四,未遂的概念是指足以确证犯罪意图并将达到犯罪完成的实质性步骤的作为或不作为。

 

[v] 

make an effort to achieve or complete (something, typically a difficult task or action) 试图做(或完成)

 

Eg: She attempted a comeback in 1989.


她在1989年曾试图东山再起。

 

[n] 

an act of trying to achieve something, typically one that is unsuccessful or not certain to succeed

尝试;努力

 

Eg: She picked her first attempt at a letter out of the wastebasket.


她第一次从废纸篓里捡到了一封信。

  


Homicide      

 

英 [ˈhɒmɪsaɪd]             美 [ˈhɑːmɪsaɪd]       

n.杀人 指一人导致或促使他人死亡的一般用语。该词是中性词,只描述客观行为,而对其道德或法律性质并没有作出判断。杀人并不必然构成犯罪,在依法执行死刑、自卫以及作为追捕逃犯的唯一可能手段时,杀人则是合法的。但如果一人蓄意、明知、轻率或疏忽致使他人死亡的,该人则犯有杀人罪。英美普通法和制定法都把杀人罪分为谋杀〔murder〕和非预谋杀人〔manslaughter〕。在苏格兰,杀人分为有罪杀人〔culpable homicide〕、正当杀人〔justifiable homicide〕以及意外、疏忽或可宽恕杀人〔accidental, negligent, or excusable homicide〕。

 

[n] Homicide is the illegal killing of a person.凶杀;杀人

 

Eg: The police arrived at the scene of the homicide.


警方赶到了凶杀现场。

 

关于“故意杀人未遂”的相关英文表达:

 

故意杀人未遂attempted homicide

 

【热词的来龙去脉】


Police in north-western China's Shaanxi province rescued the paralysed mother, known by her surname Wang, on Tuesday after the woman's daughter-in-law reported her missing.

 

周二,中国西北部陕西省警方在收到王姓妇女的儿媳上报她的失踪后,将这位瘫痪的母亲救出。

 

The 58-year-old son, known by his surname Ma, has been detained and faces an attempted murder charge, according to the police. An investigation on the incident is underway.

 

据警方透露,现年58岁的马姓儿子已被拘留,面临谋杀未遂的指控。该事件正在进行调查。

 

He is accused of trying to kill his disabled and bedridden parent Ms Wang, 79, by discarding her inside an unused grave and sealing the entrance to bury her alive.

 

他被指控试图杀死79岁瘫痪并卧床不起的母亲王女士,将她丢弃在一个废弃的坟墓里,封住入口,并将她活埋。

 

Investigators said Mr Ma put his mother on a push cart and wheeled her away from their family home around 8pm local time on 2nd May. After dumping her body, he returned with the empty push cart in the early hours of the following morning.

 

调查人员说,当地时间5月2日晚上8点左右,马某把母亲放在推车上并推着她离开了家。第二天凌晨,他在废弃坟墓扔下她后推着空推车回家。

 

When his wife, Ms Zhang, enquired about his mother’s whereabouts, Mr Ma lied and said he had hired a van driver and sent her to visit relatives.

 

当他的妻子张女士询问他母亲的下落时,马某撒谎说他雇了一个货车司机,送她去探亲。

 

Ms Zhang eventually filed a missing person report when she failed to locate her mother-in-law, who would have been unable to walk on her own.

 

张女士最终在找不到无法独自行走的婆婆的后,提交了一份失踪人员报告。

 

County authorities said they found the allegedly murderous son on 5 May after he tried to run away, and he revealed his actions during questioning.

 

靖边县公安局说,他们于5月5日发现涉嫌谋杀的儿子试图逃跑,之后,他在审讯中坦露了自己的行为。

 

Police officers located the site of the decrepit tomb and surprisingly found Ms Wang still alive after nearly three days without food or water.

 

警方找到了这座破旧墓坑的所在地,意外地发现王女士在没有食物和水的情况下已经活了近三天。

 

She is covered in mud but still breathing. She remains hospitalised but is not in any life-threatening condition, local authorities said.

 

当地警方称,她仍在医院接受治疗,但没有任何生命危险。

 

Yang Lijun, director of the Jingbian County Public Security Bureau, told local media: “The details of the case itself aren’t complicated. What’s hard to fathom is the suspect’s apparent loss of humanity. His violation of morals and ethics are unacceptable.”

 

靖边县公安局局长杨立军对当地媒体说:“案件本身的细节并不复杂。很难理解的是嫌犯明显失去了人性。他违反道德和伦理这一点是不能接受的。”

 

 

【热词知识点补充】

 

故意杀人未遂是根据我国《刑法》第二百三十二条的规定,是指故意的非法剥夺他人生命的行为,由于行为人的意志以外的原因而未得逞的行为。故意杀人未遂仍按故意杀人追究犯罪嫌疑人的刑事责任,比照既遂从轻处罚,具体如何判决还要根据具体案情分析。


故意杀人罪故意杀人的,处死刑、无期徒刑或者十年以上有期徒刑;情节较轻的,处三年以上十年以下有期徒刑。

   

今天,你学会了吗?

 




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